Kizil Cave-Temple Complex


The Kizil Cave-Temple Complex is the earliest, largest and most influential remains among extant Buddhist caves in the Western Regions. Built from 3rd century AD to 9th century AD and situated in ancient Kucha Region south of Tian-shan Mountains, the Kizil Cave-Temple Complex owns variety cave types and longest duration. Besides its 
significance as representative Kucha Caves, Kizil Buddhist caves and temples, as the westernmost cave and temple complex since the transmission of Buddhism in China, reflect influences from Buddhist art in India, Central Asia and northern Central China. It stands both as a model of Western Regions Buddhist cave temple, but also a media between Indian and northern Central China Buddhist arts. Its unique cave pattern and mural style clearly demonstrate Buddhism’s dissemination via the Western Regions eastbound and formation of Kucha style when Buddhism localized along with the transmission. It is one of the most important Buddhist remains along the Silk Roads.


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