Character Resume
Representative Results
Rong Xinjiang



Education :

1978-1982  Bachelor of Arts in History, Department of History, Peking University

1982-1985  Master of Arts in History, focusing on Medieval China, Department of History, Peking University


Professional Experience :

Sep. 1984 - Jul. 1985  Visiting scholar at Sinological Institute, Leiden University 

Sep. 1985 - Aug. 1993  Assistant, lecturer, and associate professor, Department of History, Peking University

Feb. 1991 - Aug. 1991  Visiting research fellow at the British Library with the British Academy K.C.Wong Fellowships

Aug. 1993 - present  Professor, Department of History, Peking University

Oct. 1996 - Jan. 1997  Visiting fellow at the Council on East Asian Studies, Yale University

Jun. 1997  Visiting professor at École Pratique des Hautes Études, Paris

Dec. 2004  Visiting scholar at the School of Oriental and African Studies, London University

Jan - Mar. 2007  Visiting scholar at the Chuo University and Toyo Bunko, Japan

Mar. 2008 – present  Yangzi Distinguished Professor of the Peking University

Dec. 2009 - Feb. 2010  Visiting scholar at the Kansai University, Japan.

Mar.2010 – 2017  Director of the Center for Research on Ancient Chinese History, Peking University.

April- May 2013  Visiting Professor at the Institute of History and Philology, Academia Sinica, Taiwan.

Sep.-Oct. 2014 Visiting Professor at the Center for Research on the Asian Buddhism, Ryukoku University, Japan.

2017-  Director of the Center for Research on the Silk Road and Inner Asia, Peking University.


Main Research Fields :

Cultural exchanges between China and the West from Han to Tang dynasties Chinese history during the Sui, Tang dynasty and Five Dynasties Period;

History of Central Asia;

Dunhuang and Turfan manuscripts;

History of the Silk Road.

Publications in Western Languages :

1.  Les noms du royaume de Khotan, les noms d’ère et la lignée royale de la fin des Tang au début des Song, Contributions aux études de Touen-houang III, ed. M. Soymié, Paris, 1984, 23-46+ pls. I-IV.

2.  Notes à propos d’un manuscrit chinois découvert à Cira de Khotan, Cahiers d’Extrême-Asie 3 (1987), 77-92.

3.  Caves of the Thousand Buddhas, E. Yarshater ed., Encyclopaedia Iranica, V-1, New York 1990, 97-99.

4.  Doubts concerning the Authenticity of Two Nestorian Christian Documents Unearthed at Dunhuang from the Li Collection (with Lin Wushu), China Archaeology and Art Digest 1.1, May Hong Kong 1996, 5-14.

5.  The Historical Importance of the Chinese Fragments from Dunhuang in the British Library, The British Library Journal, vol. 24, no. 1, Spring 1998 (1999), 78-89 + 3 figs.

6.  A Concise History of the Turfan Oasis and Its Exploration (with Zhang Guangda), Asia Major, third series, vol. 11, part 2, 1998 (1999), 13-36.

7.  The Nature of the Dunhuang Library Cave and the Reasons of Its Sealing (tr. by Valerie Hansen), Cahiers d’Extreme-Asie 11 (Nouvelles etudes de Dunhuang), ed. J.-P. Drège, Paris/Kyoto 1999-2000, 247-275.

8.  Research on Zoroastrianism in China(1923-2000) (tr. by Bruce Doar), China Archaeology and Art Digest, IV.1: Zoroastrianism in China, December 2000, 7-13.

9.  The Migrations and Settlements of the Sogdians in the Northern Dynasties, Sui and Tang (tr. by Bruce Doar), China Archaeology and Art Digest, IV.1: Zoroastrianism in China, December 2000, 117-163.

10.  The Relationship of Dunhuang with the Uighur Kingdom in Turfan in the Tenth Century, De Dunhuang à Istanbul, Hommage à James Russel Hamilton (Silk Road Studies V), ed. by Louis Bazin et Peter Zieme, Brepols 2001, 275-298.

11.  The Li Shengduo Collection: Original or Forged Manuscripts? Dunhuang Manuscript Forgeries (The British Library Studies in Conservation Science 3), ed. by Susan Whitfield, London: The British Library, 2002, 62-83 + pl.1.

12.  The Illustrative Sequence on An Jia’s Screen: A Depiction of the Daily Life of a SabaoOrientations, February 2003, 32-35 + figs.1-7.

13.  Daily Life in Sogdian Colonies along the Silk Road, MIHO MUSEUM研究纪要4, 2004, 1-15.

14.  Land Route or Sea Route? Commentary on the study of the paths of transmission and areas in which Buddhism was disseminated during the Han period (tr. by Xiuqin Zhou), Sino-Platonic Papers, ed. V. H. Mair, No.144, July 2004, 1-32.

15.  Juqu Anzhou’s Inscription and the Daliang Kingdom in Turfan (tr. by Wang Yuanyuan),Turfan Revisited  The First Century of Research into the Art and Cultures of the Silk Road, ed. by D. Durkin-Meisterernst et al., Berlin: Dietrich Reimer Verlag, 2004, 268-275 + pls.1-3 + figs. 1-2.

16.  Official Life at Dunhuang in the Tenth Century: The Case of Cao Yuanzhong (tr. by A. Morrison), The Silk Road: Trade, Travel, War and Faith, ed. by Susan Whitfield, London: The British Library, 2004, 57-62 + fig. 1-4.

17.  Sabao or Sabo: Sogdian Caravan Leaders in the Wall-Paintings in Buddhist Caves, Les Sogdiens en Chine, sous la direction de Étienne de la Vaissiere et Éric Trombert, Paris: École française d’Extrême-Orient, 2005, 207-230.

18.  Khotanese Felt and Sogdian Silver: Foreign Gifts to Buddhist Monasteries in Ninth and Tenth-Century Dunhuang, Asia Major, XVII.1, 2004[2005], 15-34.

19.  Sogdians around the Ancient Tarim Basin, Ērān ud Anērān. Studies Presented to Boris Il’ič Maršak on the Occasion of His 70th Birthday, eds. M. Compareti, P. Raffetta and G. Scarcia, Venezia: Libreria Editrice Cafoscarina, 2006, 513-524.

20.  Zoroastrian deities on a Buddhist sculpture from Xi’an (tr. by Wang Yuanyuan), Buddhism and Buddhist Art of the Tanged. Ku Cheng Mei, Sinchu: Chuefeng Foundation, 2006, 253-261. 

21.  New Light on Sogdian Colonies along the Silk Road. Recent Archaeological Finds in Northern China, Berlin-Brandenburgische Akademie der Wissenschaften. Berichte und Abhandlungen, Band 10, Berlin: Akademie Verlag, Oktober 2006, 147-160. 

22.  The Sogdian Caravan as Depicted in the Relieves of the Stone Sarcophagus from Shi’s Tomb of the Northern Zhou, Chinese Archaeology (中国考古学), vol. 6, Beijing: China Social Sciences Press, 2006.12, 181-185 + figs. 1-4.

23.  Further Remarks on Sogdians in the Western Regions, Exegisti monumenta. Festschrift in Honour of Nicholas Sims-Williams (Iranica 17), eds. Werner Sundermann, Almut Hintze and François de Blois, Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag, 2009, 399-416.

24.  Sabao and Sabo: On the Problem of the Leader of Sogdian Colonies during the Northern Dynasties, Sui and Tang Period, Collection of Papers on Iranian Studies in China, ed., by Ye Yiliang, Peking University Press, 2009.5, 148-162. 

25.  Newly Discovered Chinese-Khotanese Bilingual Tallies (with Wen Xin), Journal of Inner Asian Art and Archaeology, III, ed. J. Lerner and L. Russel-Smith, 2009, 99-118.

26.  On the Dating of Khotanese Documents from Khotan Area (with Zhang Guangda), Journal of Inner Asian Art and Archaeology, III, ed. J. Lerner and L. Russel-Smith, 2009, 149-156.

27.  The Name of So-called ‘Tumshuqese’, Bulletin of the Asia Institute, new series, 19 (Iranian and Zoroastrian Studies in Honor of Prods Oktor Skjaervo), 2005 (2009), 119-127.

28.  Further Remarks on the Migrations and Settlements of the Sogdians in the Northern Dynasties, Sui and Tang, Eurasia Studies, vol. I, ed. Yu Taishan & Li Jinxiu, Beijing: The Commercial Press, 2011.2, 120-141.

29.  “The Religious Background to the An Lushan Rebellion”, Chinese Scholars on Inner Asia, ed. Luo Xin, Bloomington: Sinor Research Institute for Inner Asian Studies, Indiana University, 2012, pp. 97-137.

30.  “The Network of Chinese Buddhist Monasteries in the Western Regions under Tang Control”, The Way of Buddha” 2003: The 100th Anniversary of the Otani Mission and the 50th of the Research Society for Central Asian Cultures. (Cultures of the Silk Road and Modern Science, Vol. 1.), ed. Irisawa Takashi入澤崇, Osaka: Toho Shuppan東方出版, 2010, pp.215-220.

31.  Eighteen Lectures on Dunhuang (tr. by Imre Galambos) (Brills Humanities in China Library vol. 5), Leiden ·Boston: Brill, 2013, xxvi+547 pp.

32.  “Buddhist Images or Zoroastrian Deities? The Mixture of Religions on the Silk Road as Seen from Khotan” (tr. Fu Ma) , Commentationes Iranicae. Festschrift to Prof. Vladimiro f. Aron Livschits nonagenario donum natalicium, ed. S. Tokhtasev and P. Luria, St. Petersburg, 2013, pp. 423-434.

33. “How the Residents of Turfan Used Textiles as Money, 273-796” (with Valerie Hansen), Journal of the Royal Asiatic SocietySeries 3, 23, 2 (2013), pp. 281–305.

34.  “Paul Pelliot en Chine (1906-1909)” (with Wang Nan, tr. by Diane Wen Zhang-Goldberg), Paul Pelliot, de l'histoire à la légende, Paris: Collège de France, 2013, pp. 83-119.

35.  The Semantic Shift of “Western Regions” and the Westward Extension of the “Border” in the Tang Dynasty (with Wen Xin), Eurasian Studies III, ed. Yu Taishan and Li Jinxiu, 2015, pp. 394-410.

36.  “Reality or Tale? Marco Polo’s Description of Khotan”, Journal of Asian History, 45/1-2, special issue on Chinese and Asian Geographical and Cartographical Views on Central Asia and its Adjacent Regions, 2015, pp. 161-174.

37.  “Investigations and research on the Tocharian manuscripts and wall inscriptions in the Kucha region” (tr. Ching Chao-jung), Tocharian Texts in Context. International Conference on Tocharian Manuscripts and Silk Road Culture, June 25-29th, 2013, eds. M. Malzahn, M. Peyrot, H. Fellner, and Th.-S. Illés, Bremen: Hempen Verlag, 2015, pp. 215-225.

38. “The Evolution of Chinese Cultural Diversity with Reference to the China-India Silk Road (400-700 AD)” (tr. Wu Tao), Across the Silk Road. Gupta Sculptures and Their Chinese Counterparts duting 400-700AD, compiled by the Palace Museum et al., Beijing: The Forbidden City Publishing House, 2016, pp. 161-170.

39. “Khotan under the Tang Dynasty according to Recently Found Chinese Documents” (tr. Fu Ma), Sergey Fedorovich Oldenburg: Scholar and Academic Research Organizer  Proceeding of the International conference dedicated to the 150th anniversary of Sergey F. Oldenburg, Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, 2016, pp.110-121.

40. “The Silk Road is a Road of ‘Silk’”, Silks from the Silk Road: Origin, Transmission and Exchange, ed. Zhao Feng, Hangzhou: Zhejiang University Press, 2016.3 (2017.1), pp. 22-30.

41. “A Re-Examination of the Problem of the So-called ‘Tocharian’ Languages and the Meaning of “Tugristān” between Kucha and Beshbaliq (tr. Wang Yuanyuan), Zur lichten Heimat. Studien zu Manichäismus, Iranistik und Zentralasienkunde im Gedenken au Werner Sundermann. ed. Team “Turfanforschung”, Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag, 2017, pp. 605-620.

42.  “Sogdian Merchants and Sogdian Culture on the Silk Road”, Empires and Exchanges in Eurasian Late Antiquity. Rome, China, Iran, and the Steppe, ca. 250-750, eds. N. Di Cosmo and M. Maas, Cambridge University Press, 2018, pp. 84-95.

43. Great Journeys across the Pamir MountainsA Festschrift in Honor of Zhang Guangda on his Eighty-fifth Birthday, eds. Huaiyu Chen and Xinjiang Rong, Leiden/Boston: Brill, 2018.

44. A Chronological Bibliography of Professor Zhang Guangda (with Zhu Lishuang), Great Journeys across the Pamir MountainsA Festschrift in Honor of Zhang Guangda on his Eighty-fifth Birthday, eds. Huaiyu Chen and Xinjiang Rong, Leiden/Boston: Brill, 2018, pp. xiv-xxx.

45. The Rouran Qaghanate and the Western Regions during the Second Half of the 5th Century based on a Chinese document newly found in Turfan, Great Journeys across the Pamir MountainsA Festschrift in Honor of Zhang Guangda on his Eighty-fifth Birthday, eds. Huaiyu Chen and Xinjiang Rong, Leiden: Brill, 2018, pp. 59-82. 

46. “Sailing to the Persian Gulf: Tang China Connected with Persia by the Maritime Silk Road”, Prodeeding of 4th Biennial International Conference of the Persian Gulf (History, Culture and Civilization), ed. by F. Ahmadi, M. Sefatgol, M. B. Vosooghi, Y. Qazvini Haeri, G. Rashtiani, Tehran: Negarestan-e Andisheh Press, 2018, pp. 95-107.

47. “The Eight Guardians of Khotan Reconsidered: From Khotan to Dunhuang” (with Zhu Lishuang), BuddhistRoad Paper 6.1, special issue: Ancient Central Asian Networks. Rethinking the Interplay of Religions, Art and Politics across the Tarim Basin (5th-10th C.), ed. by Erika Forte,  2019, pp. 44-84. 

48. “Oasis Kingdoms of the Taklamakan”, Silk Roads. Peoples, Cultures, Landscapes, ed. Susan Whitfield, London: Thames & Hudson, 2019, pp.226-231.

49. The History of Sogdians in China, The Cambridge History of China II: The Six Dynasties 220-581, Cambridge University Press, 2019.

50. “Dai Mercanti Sogdiani a Marco PoloLa Strada per il Catai. Contatti tra Oriente e Occidente al tempo di Marco Polo, ed. Alvise Andreose, Milano: Edizioni Angelo Guerini e Associati, 2019, pp. 13-24. 

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Character Resume
Representative Results